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This research project was developed to fill specific gaps in evidence and data on access to cooling across cities in India, Pakistan, Cameroon and Indonesia. The research design is organised around three main research questions, each anchored in theoretical debates and bodies of academic scholarship. 

Rising temperatures in rapidly growing cities make access to the infrastructures for cooling a global challenge. The UN’s ‘Cooling for All’ coalition estimates that 1.1 billion people worldwide have little or no access to cooling to protect them against extreme heat.

Those defined as most at risk include an estimated 630 million people across South Asia, South East Asia and Sub Saharan Africa who live in poor quality housing on low incomes, with limited, intermittent or insecure access to electricity, water and transportation infrastructures, and few if any electrical cooling appliances.